what is ...
Implantology is a field of dentistry that focuses on eliminating missing teeth in the upper or lower jaw with implants. The implant itself is a small screw, which is put in the place of the missing tooth. It acts as a substitute for the missing tooth root and stops the very dangerous process of resorption, i.e. bone atrophy. Thanks to implantology, the patient can again enjoy the functionality of the masticatory organ and the aesthetics of full dentition.
Implants can be used in the absence of one, several, or all teeth. Implants help restore aesthetic smile and avoid gaps. In addition, they do not interfere with the neighbouring crowns.
Engrafting a dental implant is a process that begins with an implantological consultation, after which it is be possible to dispel all doubts about the procedure itself and obtain information of the general state of health of the patient. The implantologist will pay attention to potential heart, lung, liver or kidney diseases. It is also necessary to perform computed tomography in order to check the quantity and quality of bone tissue that will be the basis for an implant.
Only then is it possible to plan implant treatment, along with potential treatment costs. The implantologist cuts the oral mucosa and reveals the bone in which the implant is engrafted. At this point, it is necessary to drill a small hole and screw the implant into it. This activity begins the process of osseointegration, i.e. the fusion of the implant with the bone. Thanks to this, the implant will stabilize and replace the tooth root. This process is completed in about 3 months.
tooth reconstruction on an implant
After implantation of the dental implant, its osseointegration and healing of the wound, it is possible to start tooth reconstruction on the new foundation. Tooth reconstruction is based on a special connector on which the crown or bridge is mounted. An implant-based tooth provides a very high level of stability.
The dentist uses the prosthetic restoration based on the patient’s needs and unique conditions in the mouth. The dentist takes dental impressions and makes a prosthetic restoration based on them; afterwards it is possible to end the treatment.
controlled bone regeneration
Controlled bone regeneration is the procedure recommended when there are problems with either the quantity or quality of bone tissue at the site of a potential implant. Its lack is often due to the process called bone atrophy that has been going on for a long time. In the modern guided bone regeneration, a basis for regenerating tissue is created in the patient’s jaw with the aid of special bone replacements.
The goal of the process is to create enough bone tissue to allow the implant to be engrafted. Without this step, the implant could not be sufficiently stable after being placed, and its functionality or aesthetics would also leave much to be desired.
Another procedure performed in the case of insufficient amount and thickness of bone tissue in the mouth and maxillary sinus is to raise the bottom of the maxillary sinus. The need to do so is sometimes necessary for prosthetic reconstruction with implants. We distinguish two methods for this procedure: open and closed.
The open method is more invasive and requires access to the maxillary sinus by the surgeon from the side of the oral vestibule. After reaching it, the bone is separated from the sinus mucosa, and bone substitute material is placed. However, the closed method of this procedure consists of creating access to the maxillary sinus from the alveolar ridge, which significantly reduces the invasiveness of the procedure. By raising the bottom of the maxillary sinus it is possible to engraft the dental implant effectively.