Dental surgery is a field of dentistry focused on the treatment of oral diseases. Surgery treatments, despite being invasive, offer high effectiveness and effects that last for a long time. Thanks to this, our patients can enjoy healthy teeth, free from diseases or inflammations.
Tooth extraction, commonly known as pulling out, is a surgical procedure involving the surgical removal of a tooth from the mouth. This procedure is performed in local anaesthesia. It is recommended if the tooth cannot be treated conservatively or endodontically. The procedure begins with the rupture of the circular ligament of the tooth. Then the dentist puts claws on the tooth and dislocates the tooth. A loose tooth can simply be removed from the alveolus, which is then sutured. Removal of third molars, i.e. wisdom teeth, is similar.
Impacted teeth are teeth that have not erupted to the surface of the gum at all or have only done so in part. In the event of their occurrence (most often the wisdom teeth) it is often necessary to extract them. Impacted tooth removal consists of the so-called filing. It is an extraction method used when traditional surgical methods have no effect or have no chance of being successful. Filing is the removal of teeth along with exposing the gum and getting rid of excess bones.
incision and drainage
of the abscess
An abscess is nothing but a “reservoir” of pus and dead tissues in the subcutaneous tissue. Their formation in the mouth is usually the result of excessive presence of bacteria. To stop the infection and prevent it from spreading further, it is necessary to undergo surgery. It involves the incision of an abscess and removal of the puss accumulated in it.
Incision and drainage of the abscess is a procedure that is recommended when its diameter exceeds 5 millimetres. Ignoring abscesses is very dangerous, because they can pose a threat to the patient’s health. Thanks to the abscess incision and drainage, it is possible to get rid of ailments that accompany their presence, such as pain or fever.
Root amputation is cutting off the part of the root either because of infection or other pulp-related problems. It is recommended if the previously performed root canal treatment did not bring the desired results and led to the development of inflammation. The whole procedure begins with local anaesthesia and then the incision of the oral mucosa in the designated place. In order for the surgeon to get to the dental root, it is necessary to cut a small bone hole that reveals the place of surgery.
The next step is to remove inflammation and any disease in the treated area. Only then, the doctor cuts off the top of the infected tooth, after which the wound is sutured in order to avoid another infection that could endanger the patient’s health. Bone damaged during the surgery usually regenerates in 6 months. In some unusual cases it is necessary to use bone substitute material.